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Eastern European LGBTI communities face mounting challenges

Annual ILGA-Europe conference held in Poland this month

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ILGA-Europe’s annual conference took place earlier this month in Warsaw, Poland. Poland is among the countries in Eastern Europe in which LGBTI rights advocates have seen setbacks. (Photo by Lynare Robbins)

WARSAW, Poland — ILGA-Europe’s annual conference took place in Warsaw, Poland, the first week of November. It’s theme of “Change: Communities Mobilizing, Movements Rising” came at a crucial time where LGBTI activists and NGOs in various Eastern European countries are seeking support outside of their communities.

‘Shrinking space for civil society’

The local host for the conference was Campaign Against Homophobia, an organization working for the equality of LGBTI people in Poland. Although the organization has been engaged in advocacy and raising community support for the LGBTI community since 2001, the LGBTI community has endured escalating numbers of acts of violence and discrimination in the two years since the right-wing and nationalistic Law and Justice Party came to power.

ILGA-Europe and the Campaign Against Homophobia in a joint statement they issued for the conference said, “ILGA-Europe and Campaign Against Homophobia, for the occasion of the 21st annual ILGA-Europe conference express our concerns regarding the situation of LGBTI people in Poland. Discrimination and violence against LGBTI people prevails. Human rights violations prevent LGBTI people from full participation in social, professional and family life. Additionally, recent attacks on LGBTI organizations illustrate the rise of hate in our society and a disturbing phenomenon of shrinking space for civil society, which is worrying not only for minority groups but also for a democratic society.”

The situation in Poland

There are two million LGBTI people in Poland and yet according to the ILGA-Europe’s 2017 Rainbow Index that measures the legal and policy human rights situation in European nations, the country scored 18 percent out of a possible score of 100 percent, making it one of the countries in the European Union with the lowest scores. With absolutely no policies or laws in place against hate speech or hate crimes involving sexuality or gender identity, Polish activists and NGOs are calling on Polish authorities to take action and make the necessary changes through legislative measures to ensure equality and social acceptance.

During the ILGA-Europe conference a panel and then a press conference was held to address legislative issues involving LGBTI equality with opposition politicians: Monika Wielichowska of the centrist Civic Platform; Krzysztof Mieszkowski from the liberal Modern Party; Justyną Samolińską from the Together Party and Barbara Nowacka, leader of the former United Left Party and chair of Initiative Poland, which is a relatively new nationwide progressive association. Missing from the panel were representatives from right-wing political parties, most notably the Law and Justice party that dominates Parliament.

“There is more hate, more xenophobia and more discrimination. Xenophobia and nationalism is the driving force,” said Wielichowska. “The ruling party is allowing it to happen. They are not here today. It would have been good if they were.”

“The Polish LGBT community needs strong support,” stated Nowacka. “Our adversaries are not here in this room. They are not interested in human rights. You are not a partner for them. The partner for them is the Catholic Church. I am ashamed that we do not have laws for partner unions or regulations for inheritance, medical regulations and safety. It’s disgusting.”

Samolińską said “‘the right’ is tearing the country in two halves.”

“The religious right is using politicians and those politicians are missing today,” she stated. “Forty-six percent of people in Poland support abortion rights. The Catholic Church is losing power. Year after year, people believe that it is okay to divorce or have an abortion. Because it (the Catholic Church) is getting weaker, it’s trying to rule through politicians.”

“This Parliament unfortunately will not debate LGBT issues,” added Nowacka. “We have to defeat the Law and Justice party.”

Representatives of centrist and leftist Polish political parties speak at ILGA-Europe’s annual conference that took place earlier this month in Warsaw, Poland. (Photo by Lynare Robbins)

During the press conference Campaign Against Homophobia President A. Chaber and ILGA-Europe Executive Board co-chairs Joyce Hamilton and Brian Sheehan joined the panel of politicians.

When Sheehan was asked about the needs of LGBTI people and what the focus should be, he stated there are “similarities between the fight for equality in Ireland and Poland with them sharing a theocratic background.”

“Ireland has been on a journey with obtaining marriage equality,” said Sheehan. “What matters most is that LGBTI people are not thought of as ‘the other.’ They are a part of society in Ireland. LGBTI people had allies in politics and had relatives hearted by the willingness for dialogue.”

Other Eastern European countries lag behind on LGBTI rights

Other Eastern European countries that lack any hate speech or hate crime policies and laws based on sexuality and gender identity are Moldova, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Latvia and Russia. According to the ILGA-Europe’s 2017 Rainbow Index, most of the Eastern European nations scored in the 20 percentile. In addition to the lack of policies involving hate speech and hate crimes, other discriminatory factors include an absence of equality for gender recognition and bodily integrity with laws in place requiring sterilization for gender confirmation procedures; LGBTI families, including adoption rights and registered partnerships or marriage equality.

Russia received a lower score of 6 percent and Azerbaijan a score of 5 percent, indicating severe violations of human rights and discrimination of LGBTI communities.

Russia propaganda law impacts Eastern Europe

Although homosexuality was decriminalized after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, LGBTI people are often discriminated against and persecuted in former Soviet republics.

Russia’s “gay propaganda” law that President Vladimir Putin signed in June 2013 “for the purpose of protecting children from information advocating for a denial of traditional family values” has inspired similar laws in Eastern Europe.

In December 2013, members of the Belarusian Parliament introduced a bill similar to Russian propaganda law. President Alexander Lukashenko signed the Protection of Children from Information Harmful to their Health and Development Act in May 2016.

DOTYK, a Belarussian cultural and educational center, Journalists for Tolerance and the Lithuanian Gay League submitted a collaborative statement voicing their concern for the discrimination of the LGBTI community in Belarus.

According to the statement, raids on LGBTI friendly nightclubs in the country’s capital of Minsk and Canteen XYZ, a queer meeting spot, have escalated.

The groups say it is important to understand that the restrictions on the LGBTI community in former Soviet republics is “repression against the community and resonates with the harassment and oppression of LGBTI individuals in Chechnya, Azerbaijan and Tajikistan.” They also cite studies conducted by the Belarusian Institute of Strategic Studies in 2010 that found 62 percent of the Belarusians surveyed were in favor of criminalizing homosexuality.

A survey conducted by System Business Technologies in 2016 revealed that 48.9 percent of Belarusians said it would be unacceptable to have an LGBTI person as their neighbor. The same year Freedom House concluded that LGBTI people are the most persecuted community in Belarus.

Similar anti-propaganda laws have been introduced in Ukraine, Lithuania and Moldova and seek to wage a cultural war on the LGBTI community through legislation. Although the amendments were removed from parliamentary agendas, anti-LGBTI sentiments run high in countries where legislatures continue to flirt with implementing discriminatory laws directed at the LGBTI community.

A number of activists at the ILGA-Europe conference explained that in some Eastern European countries legislation like anti-propaganda laws are not implemented because of their membership in the European Union, which opposes anti-propaganda laws and defines them as discriminatory against the LGBTI community. They said that the country will instead seek recourse to discriminate against the LGBTI community through a passive stance on LGBTI protections by not implementing laws to protect the community from hate speech or hate crimes or other objectives for equality.

The European Court of Human Rights in June ruled in favor of three gay activists from Russia.

Nikolai Bayev, Aleksei Kiselev and Nikolai Alekseyev had staged demonstrations from 2009-2012 in the cities of Ryazan, Arkhangelsk and St. Petersburg. They were arrested and fined, and later filed a case with the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, France. The court ruled that Russia violated Articles 10 and 14 of the European Convention on Human Rights that guarantee freedom of expression and ban discrimination respectively.

Events following the ILGA-Europe conference

Exactly one week after the ILGA-Europe conference ended in Warsaw, and estimated 60,000 nationalists protested during Poland’s Independence Day march on Nov. 11. They chanted anti-LGBT, anti-Semitic, anti-Muslim and racist slogans such as, “Pure Poland, White Poland.” Marchers also carried banners with racist messages inscribed and threw red smoke bombs.

Three radical nationalist groups in Poland led the demonstration, with right-wing extremists from other parts of Europe arriving to join. Anti-fascist counter protestors numbering around 2,000 also rallied during the march. Although the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs defended the event as an expression of patriotism, President Andrzej Duda condemned it’s blatant xenophobic and racist overtones.

Resources offered through ILGA-Europe

ILGA-Europe’s main focus is to empower LGBTI individuals in Europe. Their advocacy work covers a multitude of initiatives and involves 49 countries across the continent and is not limited to European Union member states. Some examples of how ILGA-Europe’s LGBTI movement building is organized involves regional trainings, their annual conference, in-country work, assistance through their Documentation and Advocacy Fund and Creating Opportunities program and occasional re-granted awards to organizations requiring support through regional projects that is subject to the availability of funding and alignment with ILGA-Europe’s strategic plan. ILGA-Europe also serves as a guide to funders on European LGBTI issues in an effort to ensure communication and more coordination in avoiding funding gaps in European LGBTI communities.

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Equality Act, contorted as a danger by anti-LGBTQ forces, is all but dead

No political willpower to force vote or reach a compromise

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Despite having President Biden in the White House and Democratic majorities in both chambers of Congress, efforts to update federal civil rights laws to strengthen the prohibition on discrimination against LGBTQ people by passing the Equality Act are all but dead as opponents of the measure have contorted it beyond recognition.

Political willpower is lacking to find a compromise that would be acceptable to enough Republican senators to end a filibuster on the bill — a tall order in any event — nor is there the willpower to force a vote on the Equality Act as opponents stoke fears about transgender kids in sports and not even unanimity in the Democratic caucus in favor of the bill is present, stakeholders who spoke to the Blade on condition of anonymity said.

In fact, there are no imminent plans to hold a vote on the legislation even though Pride month is days away, which would be an opportune time for Congress to demonstrate solidarity with the LGBTQ community by holding a vote on the legislation.

If the Equality Act were to come up for a Senate vote in the next month, it would not have the support to pass. Continued assurances that bipartisan talks are continuing on the legislation have yielded no evidence of additional support, let alone the 10 Republicans needed to end a filibuster.

“I haven’t really heard an update either way, which is usually not good,” one Democratic insider said. “My understanding is that our side was entrenched in a no-compromise mindset and with [Sen. Joe] Manchin saying he didn’t like the bill, it doomed it this Congress. And the bullying of hundreds of trans athletes derailed our message and our arguments of why it was broadly needed.”

The only thing keeping the final nail from being hammered into the Equality Act’s coffin is the unwillingness of its supporters to admit defeat. Other stakeholders who spoke to the Blade continued to assert bipartisan talks are ongoing, strongly pushing back on any conclusion the legislation is dead.

Alphonso David, president of the Human Rights Campaign, said the Equality Act is “alive and well,” citing widespread public support he said includes “the majority of Democrats, Republicans and independents and a growing number of communities across the country engaging and mobilizing every day in support of the legislation.”

“They understand the urgent need to pass this bill and stand up for LGBTQ people across our country,” David added. “As we engage with elected officials, we have confidence that Congress will listen to the voices of their constituents and continue fighting for the Equality Act through the lengthy legislative process.  We will also continue our unprecedented campaign to grow the already-high public support for a popular bill that will save lives and make our country fairer and more equal for all. We will not stop until the Equality Act is passed.”

Sen. Jeff Merkley (D-Ore.), chief sponsor of the Equality Act in the Senate, also signaled through a spokesperson work continues on the legislation, refusing to give up on expectations the legislation would soon become law.

“Sen. Merkley and his staff are in active discussions with colleagues on both sides of the aisle to try to get this done,” McLennan said. “We definitely see it as a key priority that we expect to become law.”

A spokesperson Senate Majority Leader Charles Schumer (D-N.Y.), who had promised to force a vote on the Equality Act in the Senate on the day the U.S. House approved it earlier this year, pointed to a March 25 “Dear Colleague” letter in which he identified the Equality Act as one of several bills he’d bring up for a vote.

Despite any assurances, the hold up on the bill is apparent. Although the U.S. House approved the legislation earlier this year, the Senate Judiciary Committee hasn’t even reported out the bill yet to the floor in the aftermath of the first-ever Senate hearing on the bill in March. A Senate Judiciary Committee Democratic aide, however, disputed that inaction as evidence the Equality Act is dead in its tracks: “Bipartisan efforts on a path forward are ongoing.”

Democrats are quick to blame Republicans for inaction on the Equality Act, but with Manchin withholding his support for the legislation they can’t even count on the entirety of their caucus to vote “yes” if it came to the floor. Progressives continue to advocate an end to the filibuster to advance legislation Biden has promised as part of his agenda, but even if they were to overcome headwinds and dismantle the institution needing 60 votes to advance legislation, the Equality Act would likely not have majority support to win approval in the Senate with a 50-50 party split.

The office of Manchin, who has previously said he couldn’t support the Equality Act over concerns about public schools having to implement the transgender protections applying to sports and bathrooms, hasn’t responded to multiple requests this year from the Blade on the legislation and didn’t respond to a request to comment for this article.

Meanwhile, Sen. Susan Collins (R-Maine), who declined to co-sponsor the Equality Act this year after having signed onto the legislation in the previous Congress, insisted through a spokesperson talks are still happening across the aisle despite the appearances the legislation is dead.

“There continues to be bipartisan support for passing a law that protects the civil rights of Americans, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity,” said Annie Clark, a Collins spokesperson. “The Equality Act was a starting point for negotiations, and in its current form, it cannot pass. That’s why there are ongoing discussions among senators and stakeholders about a path forward.”

Let’s face it: Anti-LGBTQ forces have railroaded the debate by making the Equality Act about an end to women’s sports by allowing transgender athletes and danger to women in sex-segregated places like bathrooms and prisons. That doesn’t even get into resolving the issue on drawing the line between civil rights for LGBTQ people and religious freedom, which continues to be litigated in the courts as the U.S. Supreme Court is expected any day now to issue a ruling in Fulton v. City of Philadelphia to determine if foster care agencies can reject same-sex couples over religious objections.

For transgender Americans, who continue to report discrimination and violence at high rates, the absence of the Equality Act may be most keenly felt.

Mara Keisling, outgoing executive director of the National Center for Transgender Equality, disputed any notion the Equality Act is dead and insisted the legislation is “very much alive.”

“We remain optimistic despite misinformation from the opposition,” Keisling said. “NCTE and our movement partners are still working fruitfully on the Equality Act with senators. In fact, we are gaining momentum with all the field organizing we’re doing, like phone banking constituents to call their senators. Legislating takes time. Nothing ever gets through Congress quickly. We expect to see a vote during this Congress, and we are hopeful we can win.”

But one Democratic source said calls to members of Congress against the Equality Act, apparently coordinated by groups like the Heritage Foundation, have has outnumbered calls in favor of it by a substantial margin, with a particular emphasis on Manchin.

No stories are present in the media about same-sex couples being kicked out of a restaurant for holding hands or transgender people for using the restroom consistent with their gender identity, which would be perfectly legal in 25 states thanks to the patchwork of civil rights laws throughout the United States and inadequate protections under federal law.

Tyler Deaton, senior adviser for the American Unity Fund, which has bolstered the Republican-led Fairness for All Act as an alternative to the Equality Act, said he continues to believe the votes are present for a compromise form of the bill.

“I know for a fact there is a supermajority level of support in the Senate for a version of the Equality Act that is fully protective of both LGBTQ civil rights and religious freedom,” Deaton said. “There is interest on both sides of the aisle in getting something done this Congress.”

Deaton, however, didn’t respond to a follow-up inquiry on what evidence exists of agreeing on this compromise.

Biden has already missed the goal he campaigned on in the 2020 election to sign the Equality Act into law within his first 100 days in office. Although Biden renewed his call to pass the legislation in his speech to Congress last month, as things stand now that appears to be a goal he won’t realize for the remainder of this Congress.

Nor has the Biden administration made the Equality Act an issue for top officials within the administration as it pushes for an infrastructure package as a top priority. One Democratic insider said Louisa Terrell, legislative affairs director for the White House, delegated work on the Equality Act to a deputy as opposed to handling it herself.

To be sure, Biden has demonstrated support for the LGBTQ community through executive action at an unprecedented rate, signing an executive order on day one ordering federal agencies to implement the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision last year in Bostock v. Clayton County to the fullest extent possible and dismantling former President Trump’s transgender military ban. Biden also made historic LGBTQ appointments with the confirmation of Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg and Rachel Levine as assistant secretary of health.

A White House spokesperson insisted Biden’s team across the board remains committed to the Equality Act, pointing to his remarks to Congress.

“President Biden has urged Congress to get the Equality Act to his desk so he can sign it into law and provide long overdue civil rights protections to LGBTQ+ Americans, and he remains committed to seeing this legislation passed as quickly as possible,” the spokesperson said. “The White House and its entire legislative team remains in ongoing and close coordination with organizations, leaders, members of Congress, including the Equality Caucus, and staff to ensure we are working across the aisle to push the Equality Act forward.”

But at least in the near-term, that progress will fall short of fulfilling the promise of updating federal civil rights law with the Equality Act, which will mean LGBTQ people won’t be able to rely on those protections when faced with discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.

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D.C. bill to ban LGBTQ panic defense delayed by Capitol security

Delivery of bill to Congress was held up due to protocols related to Jan. 6 riots

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New fencing around the Capitol following the Jan. 6 insurrection prevented some D.C. bills from being delivered to the Hill for a required congressional review. (Blade file photo by Michael K. Lavers)

A bill approved unanimously last December by the D.C. Council to ban the so-called LGBTQ panic defense has been delayed from taking effect as a city law because the fence installed around the U.S. Capitol following the Jan. 6 insurrection prevented the law from being delivered to Congress.

According to Eric Salmi, communications director for D.C. Council member Charles Allen (D-Ward 6), who guided the bill through the Council’s legislative process, all bills approved by the Council and signed by the D.C. mayor must be hand-delivered to Congress for a required congressional review.

“What happened was when the Capitol fence went up after the January insurrection, it created an issue where we physically could not deliver laws to Congress per the congressional review period,” Salmi told the Washington Blade.

Among the bills that could not immediately be delivered to Congress was the Bella Evangelista and Tony Hunter Panic Defense Prohibition and Hate Crimes Response Amendment Act of 2020, which was approved by the Council on a second and final vote on Dec. 15.

Between the time the bill was signed by Mayor Muriel Bowser and published in the D.C. Register under procedural requirements for all bills, it was not ready to be transmitted to Congress until Feb. 16, the Council’s legislative record for the bill shows.

Salmi said the impasse in delivering the bill to Congress due to the security fence prevented the bill from reaching Congress on that date and prevented the mandatory 60-day congressional review period for this bill from beginning at that time. He noted that most bills require a 30 legislative day review by Congress.

But the Evangelista-Hunter bill, named after a transgender woman and a gay man who died in violent attacks by perpetrators who attempted to use the trans and gay panic defense, includes a law enforcement related provision that under the city’s Home Rule Charter passed by Congress in the early 1970s requires a 60-day congressional review.

“There is a chance it goes into effect any day now, just given the timeline is close to being up,” Salmi said on Tuesday. “I don’t know the exact date it was delivered, but I do know the countdown is on,” said Salmi, who added, “I would expect any day now it should go into effect and there’s nothing stopping it other than an insurrection in January.”

If the delivery to Congress had not been delayed, the D.C. Council’s legislative office estimated the congressional review would have been completed by May 12.

A congressional source who spoke on condition of being identified only as a senior Democratic aide, said the holdup of D.C. bills because of the Capitol fence has been corrected.

“The House found an immediate workaround, when this issue first arose after the Jan. 6 insurrection,” the aide said.

“This is yet another reason why D.C. Council bills should not be subject to a congressional review period and why we need to grant D.C. statehood,” the aide said.

The aide added that while no disapproval resolution had been introduced in Congress to overturn the D.C. Evangelista-Hunter bill, House Democrats would have defeated such a resolution.

“House Democrats support D.C. home rule, statehood, and LGBTQ rights,” said the aide.

LGBTQ rights advocates have argued that a ban on using a gay or transgender panic defense in criminal trials is needed to prevent defense attorneys from inappropriately asking juries to find that a victim’s sexual orientation or gender identity or expression is to blame for a defendant’s criminal act, including murder.

Some attorneys have argued that their clients “panicked” after discovering the person against whom they committed a violent crime was gay or transgender, prompting them to act in a way they believed to be a form of self-defense.

In addition to its provision banning the LGBTQ panic defense, the Evangelista-Hunter bill includes a separate provision that strengthens the city’s existing hate crimes law by clarifying that hatred need not be the sole motivating factor for an underlying crime such as assault, murder, or threats to be prosecuted as a hate crime.

LGBTQ supportive prosecutors have said the clarification was needed because it is often difficult to prove to a jury that hatred is the only motive behind a violent crime. The prosecutors noted that juries have found defendants not guilty of committing a hate crime on grounds that they believed other motives were involved in a particular crime after defense lawyers argued that the law required “hate” to be the only motive in order to find someone guilty of a hate crime.

Salmi noted that while the hate crime clarification and panic defense prohibition provisions of the Evangelista-Hunter bill will become law as soon as the congressional review is completed, yet another provision in the bill will not become law after the congressional review because there are insufficient funds in the D.C. budget to cover the costs of implementing the provision.

The provision gives the D.C. Office of Human Rights and the Office of the D.C. Attorney General authority to investigate hate related discrimination at places of public accommodation. Salmi said the provision expands protections against discrimination to include web-based retailers or online delivery services that are not physically located in D.C.

“That is subject to appropriations,” Salmi said. “And until it is funded in the upcoming budget it cannot be legally enforced.”

He said that at Council member Allen’s request, the Council added language to the bill that ensures that all other provisions of the legislation that do not require additional funding – including the ban on use of the LGBTQ panic defense and the provision clarifying that hatred doesn’t have to be the sole motive for a hate crime – will take effect as soon as the congressional approval process is completed.

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D.C. man charged with 2020 anti-gay death threat rearrested

Defendant implicated in three anti-LGBTQ incidents since 2011

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shooting, DC Eagle, assault, hate crime, anti-gay attack, police discrimination, sex police, Sisson, gay news, Washington Blade

A D.C. man arrested in August 2020 for allegedly threatening to kill a gay man outside the victim’s apartment in the city’s Adams Morgan neighborhood and who was released while awaiting trial was arrested again two weeks ago for allegedly threatening to kill another man in an unrelated incident.

D.C. Superior Court records show that Jalal Malki, who was 37 at the time of his 2020 arrest on a charge of bias-related attempts to do bodily harm against the gay man, was charged on May 4, 2021 with unlawful entry, simple assault, threats to kidnap and injure a person, and attempted possession of a prohibited weapon against the owner of a vacant house at 4412 Georgia Ave., N.W.

Court charging documents state that Malki was allegedly staying at the house without permission as a squatter. An arrest affidavit filed in court by D.C. police says Malki allegedly threatened to kill the man who owns the house shortly after the man arrived at the house while Malki was inside.

According to the affidavit, Malki walked up to the owner of the house while the owner was sitting in his car after having called police and told him, “If you come back here, I’m going to kill you.” While making that threat Malki displayed what appeared to be a gun in his waistband, but which was later found to be a toy gun, the affidavit says.

Malki then walked back inside the house minutes before police arrived and arrested him. Court records show that similar to the court proceedings following his 2020 arrest for threatening the gay man, a judge in the latest case ordered Malki released while awaiting trial. In both cases, the judge ordered him to stay away from the two men he allegedly threatened to kill.

An arrest affidavit filed by D.C. police in the 2020 case states that Malki allegedly made the threats inside an apartment building where the victim lived on the 2300 block of Champlain Street, N.W. It says Malki was living in a nearby building but often visited the building where the victim lived.

“Victim 1 continued to state during an interview that it was not the first time that Defendant 1 had made threats to him, but this time Defendant 1 stated that if he caught him outside, he would ‘fucking kill him.’” the affidavit says. It quotes the victim as saying during this time Malki repeatedly called the victim a “fucking faggot.”

The affidavit, prepared by the arresting officers, says that after the officers arrested Malki and were leading him to a police transport vehicle to be booked for the arrest, he expressed an “excited utterance” that he was “in disbelief that officers sided with the ‘fucking faggot.’”

Court records show that Malki is scheduled to appear in court on June 4 for a status hearing for both the 2020 arrest and the arrest two weeks ago for allegedly threatening to kill the owner of the house in which police say he was illegally squatting.

Superior Court records show that Malki had been arrested three times between 2011 and 2015 in cases unrelated to the 2021 and 2020 cases for allegedly also making threats of violence against people. Two of the cases appear to be LGBTQ related, but prosecutors with the U.S. Attorney’s Office did not list the cases as hate crimes.

In the first of the three cases, filed in July 2011, Malki allegedly shoved a man inside Dupont Circle and threatened to kill him after asking the man why he was wearing a purple shirt.

“Victim 1 believes the assault occurred because Suspect 1 believes Victim 1 is a homosexual,” the police arrest affidavit says.

Court records show prosecutors charged Malki with simple assault and threats to do bodily harm in the case. But the court records show that on Sept. 13, 2011, D.C. Superior Court Judge Stephen F. Eilperin found Malki not guilty on both charges following a non-jury trial.

The online court records do not state why the judge rendered a not guilty verdict. With the courthouse currently closed to the public and the press due to COVID-related restrictions, the Washington Blade couldn’t immediately obtain the records to determine the judge’s reason for the verdict.

In the second case, court records show Malki was arrested by D.C. police outside the Townhouse Tavern bar and restaurant at 1637 R St., N.W. on Nov. 7, 2012 for allegedly threatening one or more people with a knife after employees ordered Malki to leave the establishment for “disorderly behavior.”

At the time, the Townhouse Tavern was located next door to the gay nightclub Cobalt, which before going out of business two years ago, was located at the corner of 17th and R Streets, N.W.

The police arrest affidavit in the case says Malki allegedly pointed a knife in a threatening way at two of the tavern’s employees who blocked his path when he attempted to re-enter the tavern. The affidavit says he was initially charged by D.C. police with assault with a dangerous weapon – knife. Court records, however, show that prosecutors with the U.S. Attorney’s Office lowered the charges to two counts of simple assault. The records show that on Jan. 15, 2013, Malki pleaded guilty to the two charges as part of a plea bargain arrangement.

The records show that Judge Marissa Demeo on that same day issued a sentence of 30 days for each of the two charges but suspended all 30 days for both counts. She then sentenced Malki to one year of supervised probation for both charges and ordered that he undergo alcohol and drug testing and undergo treatment if appropriate.

In the third case prior to the 2020 and 2021 cases, court records show Malki was arrested outside the Cobalt gay nightclub on March 14, 2015 on multiple counts of simple assault, attempted assault with a dangerous weapon – knife, possession of a prohibited weapon – knife, and unlawful entry.

The arrest affidavit says an altercation started on the sidewalk outside the bar when for unknown reasons, Malki grabbed a female customer who was outside smoking and attempted to pull her toward him. When her female friend came to her aid, Malki allegedly got “aggressive” by threatening the woman and “removed what appeared to be a knife from an unknown location” and pointed it at the woman’s friend in a threatening way, the affidavit says.

It says a Cobalt employee minutes later ordered Malki to leave the area and he appeared to do so. But others noticed that he walked toward another entrance door to Cobalt and attempted to enter the establishment knowing he had been ordered not to return because of previous problems with his behavior, the affidavit says. When he attempted to push away another employee to force his way into Cobalt, Malki fell to the ground during a scuffle and other employees held him on the ground while someone else called D.C. police.

Court records show that similar to all of Malki’s arrests, a judge released him while awaiting trial and ordered him to stay away from Cobalt and all of those he was charged with threatening and assaulting.

The records show that on Sept. 18, 2015, Malki agreed to a plea bargain offer by prosecutors in which all except two of the charges – attempted possession of a prohibited weapon and simple assault – were dropped. Judge Alfred S. Irving Jr. on Oct. 2, 2015 sentenced Malki to 60 days of incarnation for each of the two charges but suspended all but five days, which he allowed Malki to serve on weekends, the court records show.

The judge ordered that the two five-day jail terms could be served concurrently, meaning just five days total would be served, according to court records. The records also show that Judge Irving sentenced Malki to one year of supervised probation for each of the two counts and ordered that he enter an alcohol treatment program and stay away from Cobalt.

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