August 22, 2014 at 5:32 pm EST | by Lou Chibbaro Jr.
Queen pardons gay codebreaker Alan Turing
Alan Turing, gay news, Washington Blade

Alan Turing is credited with helping to end World War II by cracking the German code. (Photo courtesy of King’s College Library)

Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II this week granted a Royal pardon for internationally acclaimed British codebreaker and computer scientist Alan Turing, who took his own life in 1954 after being convicted two years earlier of having consensual sex with a 19-year-old male.

The pardon came more than a decade after gay activists and straight allies lobbied the British government for a posthumous pardon for Turing, saying his conviction on a charge of “gross indecency” was an injustice even though gay sex was considered a crime at the time under British law.

“Alan Turing was a remarkable man who played a key role in saving this country in World War II by cracking the German Enigma code,” The Telegraph newspaper quoted British Prime Minister David Cameron as saying.

“His action saved countless lives. He also left a remarkable national legacy through his substantial scientific achievements, often being referred to the as father of modern computing,” the newspaper quoted Cameron a saying.

Cameron was referring to Turning’s groundbreaking work for one of Britain’s intelligence agencies during World War II in which he applied his own research on information processing – considered a forerunner to modern computer science — to devise a means of breaking the code used by German submarines to attack and sink British ships.

Turning, who continued his research after the war, is widely considered by computer experts to have developed the foundation for high tech devices such as smart phones.

“He made a huge impact on the world he lived in and left a legacy for the world of today and tomorrow,” The Telegraph quoted Iain Steward, a Conservative Party member of the British Parliament, as saying. “This Royal pardon is a just reward for a man who was stripped of his honor, his work, and the loyalty he showed his nation.

A British Broadcasting Company history report on Turing’s life says Turing was arrested, tried and convicted in 1952 on the homosexuality related charge. Other news reports from the British press say the arrest came after Turing called police to report that a 19-year-old male with whom he at one time had a relationship broke into his house.

The admission prompted police to file the gross indecency charge. Authorities later gave Turing a choice of imprisonment or hormonal treatment to eliminate his sexual drive that activists have called “chemical castration.” Turing chose the latter.

The conviction, among other things, resulted in Turing being stripped of his security clearance, preventing him from continuing his work on code breaking and related fields for one of his country’s top intelligence agencies.

He was found dead on June 7, 1954. An autopsy and toxicological tests showing he died of cyanide poisoning. A half-eaten apple was found next to his bed, according to the press reports.

A June 2012 BBC report says the apple wasn’t tested to determine if it was laced with cyanide, as had been speculated since the time of Turing’s death, and that it might be possible that the death was an accident. The BBC reported that Turing had been using cyanide for experiments he had been conducting at his home.

A spokesperson for the British Embassy in Washington said the Queen announced last December her intent to grant Turing the pardon. The spokesperson, James Harris, said the Queen put the pardon in place officially on Tuesday, Aug. 19.

“Now know ye that we, in consideration of circumstances humbly represented to us, are graciously pleased to grant our grace and mercy unto the said Alan Mathison Turing and grant him our free pardon posthumously in respect of the said convictions,” the pardon states.

Lou Chibbaro Jr. has reported on the LGBT civil rights movement and the LGBT community for more than 30 years, beginning as a freelance writer and later as a staff reporter and currently as Senior News Reporter for the Washington Blade. He has chronicled LGBT-related developments as they have touched on a wide range of social, religious, and governmental institutions, including the White House, Congress, the U.S. Supreme Court, the military, local and national law enforcement agencies and the Catholic Church. Chibbaro has reported on LGBT issues and LGBT participation in local and national elections since 1976. He has covered the AIDS epidemic since it first surfaced in the early 1980s. Follow Lou

  • How utterly vile that this great man-the founder of the modern day computer-was driven to suicide by hateful bigotry. Let us all give a private thanks to this master of technology and how he gifted the world with his genius.

    • While gay sex may have been a crime under British law at the time, and it may seem just that the Queen pardon him for his conviction, I find it equally vile that there is a need to say he was pardoned for something that should never haven been classified as a crime in the first place. Basically your being pardoned for having a sexual relationship with your partner. He didn’t do anything wrong in the first place. It’s the British government that needs to apologize for destroying so many lives in the past due to this law!

      British sodomy laws have left a blight around the world that continues to plague many in former colonies influenced by those laws. We suffered enough in this country because of the mess they started!

      His story should be told. It would make a good movie. Turing’s achievements as a gay man are important. It refutes the notion that gays can only make contributions in the stereotypical professions they are often associated with. We can achieve in math and science too! His achievements inspire pride and encouragement to gay youth and gay people in general!

  • How utterly vile that this great man-the founder of the modern day computer-was driven to suicide by hateful bigotry. Let us all give a private thanks to this master of technology and how he gifted the world with his genius.

  • It is not mentioned in this article that in the post mortem report of Alan Turing, which in my humble opinion was very poorly done, that approx. 4oz of concentrated KCN was found in his stomach thus, Alan most likely drank a glass full of cyanide and ate the apple to ride the terrible taste it left in his mouth. Alan would eat a 1/2 slice of a red apple every night before going to bed. He kept a bowl of red apples in a bowl next to a window in his dinning room. I am grateful that the government of his country have finally recognized the great work Alan did to literally save his country, and the tragic loss of such a rare and gifted mind because of the torturous bigotry and ignorance of his time.

  • Those who convicted this man – almost certainly now dead – dig up their graves and throw the bones into the local dump or feed them to the lions

  • This article is factually incorrect as the original UPI feed is wrong.

    UPI based this release on a press release from the British government about the pardon which was approved in December 2013, not August 2014. You will see they have quoted the comments in it.

    In the March 2014 Budget statement, the UK government announced funds for a new Alan Turing Institute, named after him, to study data sciences see:

  • An apology is more appropriate.

  • Turing, war hero, killed himself because he was prisoned for being gay. I think a pardon is rather meagre. What about a formal apology?

  • "our free pardon posthumously in respect of the said convictions …" Wat is het verschil tussen "a pardon" en "a formal apology"?

  • Els Jaeken 'Pardon' betekent dat zijn misdaad hem vergeven wordt, 'formal apology' betekent dat de Britse staat toegeeft dat zíj een grove fout heeft gemaakt.

  • Het knakken van de enigma code, gedurende WOII, was waarschijnlijk de belangrijkste oorzaak van de overwinning der geallieerden. Ze moesten zich schamen.

© Copyright Brown, Naff, Pitts Omnimedia, Inc. 2019. All rights reserved.