Out of a total of 70 hate crime incidents reported in D.C. in 2014, 29 (41 percent) were motivated by the victim’s sexual orientation and 15 (21 percent) were motivated by the victim’s gender identity, according to an FBI hate crime statistics report released this week.
The report shows that 13 (19 percent) of the 70 D.C. hate crime incidents in 2014 were motivated by the victim’s race, and 8 (11 percent) were based on the victim’s religion.
Four reported D.C. hate crime incidents in 2014 were based on the victim’s ethnicity and one reported incident was based on the victim’s disability, the FBI report shows, with each amounting to less than 1 percent of the total hate crime incidents in the District that year.
The FBI’s annual hate crimes report has found that LGBT-related hate crimes in D.C. have been the highest among the different categories of reported hate crimes in the city each year for at least the past 10 years.
The latest report shows that D.C. hate crimes based on sexual orientation dropped slightly between 2013 and 2014 from 32 to 29 out of a total of 60 reported hate crimes in the District in 2013. D.C. hate crimes based on gender identity increased slightly from 12 in 2013 to 15 in 2014, the report shows.
The latest report shows that there were just two reported hate crime incidents based on sexual orientation in Maryland in 2014, a decrease from seven reported in 2013. The report shows there were no gender identity-related hate crimes in Maryland in 2013 and 2014.
In Virginia, the latest report shows there were 22 hate crime incidents based on the victim’s sexual orientation in 2014 compared to 12 such incidents in 2013. Similar to Maryland, the FBI reports show there were no reported hate crimes based on gender identity in Virginia in 2013 or 2014.
Delaware had three reported hate crime incidents based on sexual orientation in both 2014 and 2013 and none based on gender identity during those two years, the FBI report shows.
The National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs, an LGBT advocacy group based in New York, has said it believes many hate crimes targeting gays and transgender people throughout the country remain unreported. The group has said the annual FBI reports most likely under report the actual number of hate crimes targeting LGBT people.
The FBI report released this week shows that a total of 5,462 single hate crime incidents were reported in 2014 by law enforcement agencies across the country. Out of that total, 18.6 percent of the incidents were motivated by the victim’s sexual orientation, the report says.
It says just 1.8 percent of the reported hate crime incidents nationwide in 2014 were motivated by the victim’s gender identity.
Forty-seven percent – the highest category – were motivated by the victim’s race; 18.6 percent – the same figure as that for sexual orientation – were motivated by the victim’s religion; 1.5 percent were based on the victim’s disability; and 0.6 percent were based on the victim’s gender, the FBI report says.
The overall nationwide figure of 5,462 hate crime incidents in 2014 represents a decrease from 2013, when there were 5,928 hate crime incidents reported to law enforcement agencies, the report says.
According to the report, law enforcement agencies reported a total of 1,178 hate crime offenses based on sexual orientation bias. The report breaks that figure down into these categories:
- 58 percent were listed as anti-gay (male) bias.
- 23.6 percent were classified as anti-lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (mixed group) bias.
- 14.3 percent were classified as anti-lesbian bias.
- 2.6 percent were classified as anti-bisexual bias.
- 1.5 percent were classified as anti-heterosexual bias.
In the area of gender identity bias, the report says a total of 109 such incidents were reported by law enforcement agencies nationwide.
- 69 were anti-transgender.
- 40 were anti-gender non-conforming.