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Marriage in Md. — celebration and legal realities

What the law means for couples, kids and more




Hearing about the first couples being issued their marriage licenses, receiving the happy news of friends planning to get married, contemplating our own futures and seeing couples finally able to marry on Jan. 1, we, as the rest of our community and allies, are nearly left speechless by the historical magnitude of what is happening in our state.

We share the joy, happiness and relief of knowing that our families will be recognized and treated with more protections than at any time in our history. However, because of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), even if you do choose to marry, your relationship will be left unprotected by more than 1,000 federal laws enjoyed by straight married couples.

Can we marry? The patchwork of relationship recognition for our families has evolved quickly in the last 10 or so years. If you were legally married in another state or country, then you are legally married in Maryland and you cannot marry again. If you have a civil union or registered domestic partnership (including an affidavit of domestic partnership in Maryland), then you can marry as long as it is to the same person. Marrying will carry the additional state legal recognition and benefits.

If you have a civil union or domestic partnership, and you want to marry someone else, you need to legally dissolve your previous status. If you live outside Maryland, you can marry without any residency requirement, but if you live in a non-recognition state not only will your marriage not be recognized when you return home, if you ever need to end your marriage you may have a problem getting divorced since your home state won’t recognize your marriage even to end it, and Maryland has a one-year residency requirement for divorce.

What does marriage mean for parenting? Regardless of your marital status, you must do a second-parent adoption. It’s the only way to ensure that your parental relationship to your child, as the non-biological parent, is recognized and honored by all states. An adoption order from a court must be recognized by other states. Two lesbian moms who are married can be named on the baby’s birth certificate, but being named on the birth certificate does not establish parentage if you move to a non-recognition state.

Anytime you leave Maryland, you may be placing the relationship with your child in jeopardy, because a state that doesn’t recognize your marriage does not have to recognize all of the things that flow from it, including your status as a second parent based solely upon your marriage.  Two dads cannot be named on a birth certificate, and also need to go through the adoption process. Once the adoption has occurred, DOMA does not apply to the parent-child relationship, and the child is eligible to receive federal benefits that flow from the second parent (e.g., social security benefits).

What else can we do to protect ourselves? Regardless of whether you choose to marry, you should do your estate planning. As we know, our families still encounter hostility from our families, hospitals, funeral homes, among others, and it’s important to make sure we’ve taken the legal steps to ensure our wishes are honored. In addition, you might want to consider re-titling your property to tenancy by entirities. It’s a status only available to married couples and prevents creditors of one of the parties from trying to secure an interest in your home. Up until now, same-sex couples have not had that option.

It also might be appropriate for you and your partner to create a prenuptial agreement in order to navigate potential issues including property, allocation of other resources and committing to pursue a non-adversarial method (like mediation or the collaborative process) if you need to end your relationship in the future. Because recognition of the length of our relationships (there may be a significant difference between how long we’ve been in a committed relationship and how long that relationship has been recognized by the state), or the way we view our family which may be much broader than what the court would consider our legal family, the best way to protect ourselves and our families may be to create a prenuptial agreement.

The agreement can clarify issues and resources most important to our families, instead of letting a court make those decisions for us. We can decide how to best allocate resources and property, whether alimony should be considered, and we can have those conversations when we’re best able to have them without conflict. It’s an opportunity to have the benefits of marriage and also customize our responsibilities to our families and make our own decisions. If you’re already married, you also may want to consider a post-nuptial agreement, which would provide the same benefits of determining the best outcomes for your family.

What is DOMA’s impact? As mentioned in our Nov. 30 Blade article, because of DOMA, there are definite drawbacks for some couples choosing to marry. It’s important to think through how your future might be negatively impacted by choosing to marry and recognize the benefits that won’t be available until DOMA is repealed. There are a number of benefits that same-sex married couples won’t have access to including Social Security spousal or survivor benefits, veteran benefits, federal health insurance, some retirement benefits and death benefits. It also impacts issues like health insurance coverage and a multitude of taxes. The U.S. Supreme Court has decided to hear the Windsor case challenging the federal definition of spouse under DOMA as a man and a woman. A decision is expected in June 2013. This will be a time for re-evaluation.

As we rejoice in this most significant step toward equality in our state, we encourage you to contemplate the impact that choosing to marry might have on you, your partner and your family.  For many couples, it is a good idea to speak to a lawyer first to make sure you are fully informed of all the legal implications while making this important life decision.

Susan Silber and Susan Francis are attorneys at Silber, Perlman, Sigman & Tilev, P.A. and practice in Maryland and D.C. Reach them at [email protected] and [email protected].


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Working from home is taking over our lives

We need to create boundaries and return to offices



working from home, gay news, Washington Blade

Back in the late 1980s when I was a young financial analyst at a New York bank, I’d leave the office at five and go home to my little Upper West Side studio. With no cable, internet, or cellphone, a landline was my only connection to the outside word till I went back to work the next day.

What was it like? Tranquility is the word. Surrounded by Manhattan, I was as isolated as a monk in a cell, with uninterrupted hours to read a book, cook, or listen to an album. And of course I could go out on the town without a work crisis reaching out to ruin my plans.

I’ve been thinking back to those days a lot, lately. Working as a psychologist, I’m hearing more and more clients complain lately about how much time they’re putting into their jobs. Folks have been working from home for a year now, and as the months have gone by, many of us are spending more and more hours on the job.

What’s going on? I hear a few justifications.

First, many people tell me that they don’t feel they have an excuse not to reply when they get a text or email from a boss or colleague after normal work hours. After all, what else would they be doing? This is especially true of my single clients who don’t have children. Even dinnertime isn’t off limits.

Second, as the pandemic drags on and most of us have so few sources of fun and stimulation, people are turning more and more to their jobs for something — anything — to keep them occupied.

And, of course, there’s the reality that we’re working from our homes. There’s no physical boundary keeping work at work.

So while it’s great not to have to commute or wear pants, working from home is making it even easier for our jobs to take over our lives than they already were. Put bluntly, this sucks.

We all need a break from work. Every day. Your job likely isn’t paying you for 16-hour days. Even if it is, you need to have some fun, rest, and recharge your brain.

Of course we can’t shut ourselves off from the world as completely as I did in those pre-internet/cellphone days. But we need to draw a boundary, even if it means disappointing our employers and colleagues by doing so. I’m not talking about not doing your job. I’m just talking about setting a limit on how much of your life you are willing to give to your work.

Standing up for your own well-being can be scary. There may be real risks in terms of job security and compensation. Only you can decide for yourself when it is vital to say “no.” But advocating for yourself is necessary at times. To quote Hillel, an ancient Jewish sage: “If I am not for myself, then who will be for me?”

Taking action on your own behalf is also a skill you want to develop, because it will help you in all areas of your life. If you can’t say “no” in order to eat dinner uninterrupted, watch a movie you’d like to see, spend time with someone you love or get a good night’s sleep, you’re going to get chewed up and spit out by others, quite a lot.

Recently, I’ve been reading that D.C.’s downtown is in danger of financial ruin. As many people may not be be returning to the office after the pandemic, some believe that the whole web of service businesses may collapse.

I’m hoping that the doomsdayers floating this theory are wrong, and that as the pandemic ends many of us will head back to the office, at least much of the time. We need to get back to setting a stronger boundary between work and the rest of our lives.

Yes, we’ll be helping our city rebound. And we’ll also be making a big step toward taking care of ourselves, by re-constructing a life that’s about way more than work.

Michael Radkowsky, Psy.D. is a licensed psychologist who works with gay couples and individuals in D.C. He can be found online at

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ADVICE: Despair vs. resilience in trying times

Coronavirus lockdown has many down but you’re stronger than you think



As the COVID-19 crisis goes on without our having any clarity about how or when this crazy situation will improve, most everyone I know is super-anxious about getting sick, fed up with being locked down or both. Is there a way for us to get through this any easier? 

Here’s a start: Acknowledge that there are no guarantees in life.

When we accept that life is going to throw all sorts of challenges at us and that there is sometimes nothing we can do to stop these challenges from coming, that leaves us with one great option: Work on becoming more resilient so we can better deal with the hard stuff, including the very hard stuff.

This is called resilience. Being able to pick ourselves up, dust ourselves off and keep going forward. Cliché, yes, but it’s what we need to do if we don’t want life to beat us down.

Good news: resilience is a trait we are born with. As I’m writing these words, I’m watching my 4-month-old, who recently learned to turn from his back onto his belly, trying to turn from his belly onto his back. He’s been at this for days, and has succeeded just once. He keeps crying and trying. He won’t give up. That’s resilience.

Further good news: If you’re LGBT, you likely have already done some work in this area. All the difficulties that we experience as we grow up — struggling to accept an identity that’s stigmatized, teasing, rejection and worse — and here we are. How? All of us found a way to keep moving forward in our lives rather than letting circumstances defeat us.

Of course, this is pretty much true of anyone who has been through tough times and survived. Many of our elders who experienced the Depression, wartime, or worse tell us that they aren’t fazed by the virus or having to stay at home. Having endured previous struggles, they know they can do their best to endure this one.

That’s what all of us must keep in mind now. Knowing that we have had the resilience to get through past difficulties can support us in getting through this new hard time.

Another important point to keep in mind: When we give our suffering meaning, it helps us endure the suffering. Reminding ourselves that striving to endure this tough period will make us even more resilient can actually help us to more easily endure it.

Other ways we can strengthen our own capacity for resilience: 

Do our best to take care of ourselves, of course. When we eat well, find a way to exercise, get adequate sleep and take breaks from virus-worrying through meditation or just focusing on something pleasant or uplifting, we’re less anxious and better able to keep calm. The ability to soothe ourselves is key to being resilient.

Stay connected to people around us so that we don’t wind up feeling isolated and alone, which can deepen feelings of hopelessness. We all need supportive friends and family whom we can ask for assistance when we really need it to survive. Knowing that they are there is part of feeling resilient. And if we’re able to help others in some way — dropping off groceries for an elderly relative or neighbor, or simply being willing to listen — we’re likely to feel stronger and more able to cope.

Appreciate what we have. This can include a roof over our head, food to eat, people and companion animals we love and simply being alive right now. Doing will serve us much better than lamenting.

While none of us will live forever, we all want to stay in the game as long as we can. Striving to be resilient can help us keep going forward through life with the belief that if it’s possible to survive, we have a good shot at doing so. And that belief can give us hope, determination and a positive outlook.

Michael Radkowsky, Psy.D. is a licensed psychologist who works with gay individuals and couples in D.C. He can be found online at

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ADVICE: Nerves easily fray while social distancing

Look within to avoid unnecessary tension with your significant other



social distancing advice, gay news, Washington Blade

For many years, I’ve told couples I work with that being in long-term relationships is like taking a long journey by ship in a very small stateroom. You know, the kind where the couch unfolds to be a bed, you have to step over your partner’s legs to get to the bathroom and there’s no place to stow the suitcases. You have to find a way to stay calm, not drive each other crazy and enjoy the voyage.

I’d never actually traveled by boat, so this was just my theory. So when my husband and I were lucky enough to take a journey by ship up the Norwegian coast a few years back and had a cabin exactly as I’d envisioned (i.e. teeny), I discovered I was right. Despite the unbelievably gorgeous scenery right out our porthole, after a few days we could see how easy it would be to get irritable with each other.

Now here we all are in a much more difficult situation. We’re stuck at home, on top of each other, trying to do our jobs while taking care of companion animals and children, attempting to avoid an invisible enemy that could be anywhere.  We can’t go out on deck to watch Norway float by. Instead, we’ve got the television to look at, keeping us posted about all the bad and scary news.  

So it’s natural that as our nerves fray, we’re going to get irritated by our mates. They’re in the way. We don’t like their tone. They aren’t doing enough or responding when we ask a question. We feel like we’re the one doing everything.  

Sound familiar?

It makes sense that we react like this at such a stressful time, but when we do, it’s all downhill from there. In our current predicament, we don’t have the usual escape outlets that let us take a break and come back to our spouses calmer and with a refreshed attitude.  

What to do? Here are some simple strategies to help you, your significant other and your relationship through this extraordinarily miserable period:

Don’t point fingers: Think about what you can do to make the situation better rather than focusing on what your spouse should be doing. And then do it. This is a great strategy even in normal times. Remember, we have very little power to get another person to do something, but lots of power over our own behavior. So if we want things to change, we should look first to ourselves.

Be generous: Does your spouse feel strongly about something? Now is likely not the time to get into a struggle over whose say goes. Unless you have good reason to go in the other direction, be generous. Again, this is a policy worth adhering to when we get back to normal (soon, I hope!).

Take responsibility for soothing your own anxiety: This is always a great idea, but especially now. Yes, when we’re worried about something it feels great to get a hug and be told everything will be OK. But right now, your partner is just as anxious as you are and likely without the bandwidth to soothe you. Moreover, none of us really know that everything will be OK. 

So the best thing you can do when you’re anxious is look to yourself to find ways to keep as calm as you can, under the current circumstances: Meditation, slow deep breaths, whatever exercise you can find to do, striving to be in the present, working to accept uncertainty — these are all ways you may be able to help yourself feel even a little more calm.

And if you’re able to reach out and offer your spouse some loving reassurance — even if none of us know how this will end — so much the better.  Giving your partner emotional support is always a good move.

Michael Radkowsky, Psy.D. is a licensed psychologist who works with LGBT couples and individuals in D.C. He can be found online at All identifying information has been changed for reasons of confidentiality. Have a question? Send it to [email protected].

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