LONDON — Some LGBT people are disproportionately affected by certain types of cancer including a higher incidence rate of anal cancer in gay men and cervical cancer in lesbian and bisexual women, researchers at Moffitt Cancer Center have found according to a new study, News Medical reports.
Moffitt researchers analyzed current LGBT literature for prevention, early detection, diagnosis, treatment, survivorship and end-of-life data for seven different cancers — anal, breast, cervical, colorectal, colon and rectal, endometrial, lung and prostate cancers.
They discovered that there has been very limited effort in delineating the epidemiological patterns and medical needs of the LGBT community in regard to cancer, Moffitt researchers found.
Matthew B. Schabath, Ph.D., assistant member of the Cancer Epidemiology Program at Moffitt noted, “this is particularly important given the finding that some LGBTQ groups tend to have a higher prevalence of many cancer risk factors and behaviors, including higher rates of smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity and high-risk sexual behavior.”
Given the lack of information and data regarding the LGBT community and cancer, the researchers explained that it is critically important for local, state and national surveys and registries to collect the gender identity and sexual orientation status of their study populations. They also suggested that changes should be made to insurance and governmental policies to expand insurance coverage and reduce health disparities for the LGBT community, the News Medical article said.