Connect with us

homepage news

Lesbian, twin brother sentenced to 1 year in anti-gay assault

Anguished mother of victim calls sentence ‘slap on wrist’

Published

on

hate crime, gay news, Washington Blade

Anguished mother of victim calls sentence ‘slap on wrist.’

A lesbian and her twin brother charged with leading a group of people in an October 2013 beating of a gay man in a hate crime that prosecutors said could have resulted in the victim’s death were sentenced on Monday to one year in jail.

The sentence handed down by D.C. Superior Court Judge Yvonne Williams against Christina and Christopher Lucas, who were 20 at the time of the incident, startled and angered police and prosecutors who consider the sentence far too lenient, according to a D.C. police source familiar with the case.

A Superior Court jury on May 8 convicted the two of felony aggravated assault while armed with a hate crime designation following a two-week trial.

At a June 29 sentencing hearing Williams sentenced the Lucas siblings to four years in prison but suspended three years, requiring the two to serve just one year. She also sentenced them to five years’ probation upon their release.

Over the strong opposition of prosecutors, Williams approved a request by defense attorneys that the Lucas siblings be sentenced under the city’s Youth Rehabilitation Act, which allows all records of their conviction and sentencing to be sealed from public view if they successfully complete the terms of their probation.

Police and prosecutors stated at the trial that the victim, a 29-year-old gay man, was leaving a party with his mother and female cousin on Oct. 19, 2013, at a house at Sherman Avenue and Harvard Street, N.W., when he was approached by the Lucas siblings and a group of people with them.

They called the victim a “faggot motherfucker” and other anti-gay slurs, according to a sentencing memorandum filed by Assistant U.S. Attorney Veronica Renzi Jennings, the lead prosecutor.

“Ms. Lucas and Mr. Lucas targeted [the victim] and attacked him while he was on the street corner, punching him, knocking him down, and stomping him,” the memorandum says. “Defendant Christina Lucas also sliced [the victim’s] face with a sharp object while he was on the ground.”

When the victim’s cousin attempted to intervene to stop the assault Christopher Lucas punched her in the face, the memorandum says.

Christopher Lucas was charged and convicted of an additional count of simple assault for hitting the cousin, court records show. The records show that Williams sentenced him to three months in prison for that offense but suspended all three months, eliminating any jail time for the offense.

The sentencing memorandum by prosecutor Jennings says the victim was transported to MedStar Washington Hospital Center where he was treated for several facial fractures and a fractured left wrist.

“It is only by pure chance that [the victim] did not die as a result of this senseless and hateful assault,” Jennings said in the sentencing memorandum. “People have died after experiencing far less trauma to their head.”

The victim’s mother told the Washington Blade in a phone interview on Tuesday that her son was taken to a hospital emergency room about two weeks ago after suffering a severe migraine headache. She said doctors told her the head pain may be due to a brain injury related to the assault.

“I know for a fact that my son didn’t say anything to them,” said his mother, who asked that her name and the name of her son and niece be withheld out of fear that they could be in danger of retaliation by friends of the perpetrators.

“He doesn’t know any of them,” she said. “It was a very senseless crime. And I was very shocked by the judge and the sentence. It was a slap on the wrist.”

Courtney Vaughn, the attorney representing Christina Lucas, and Adgie O’Bryant, the attorney representing Christopher Lucas, did not return calls by the Blade seeking comment.

The two attorneys argued in their own sentencing memoranda that their clients had an unusually troubled childhood as they were raised for a period of time by a drug-addicted mother before their grandmother gained custody over them; their father played no part in their upbringing; and they experienced trauma when their older brother was murdered.

Non-mandatory sentencing guidelines established for Superior Court judges recommend a sentence of between four and 15 years for a felony offense similar to the one to which the Lucas siblings were convicted.

The city’s hate crimes law gives judges the additional option of “enhancing” a sentence by one-and-a-half times greater for a hate crime conviction compared to a non-hate crime offense.

In the sentencing memorandum Jennings called on the judge to hand down a sentence “at the very top of the guideline range (48 to 180 months) for both defendants.”

One D.C. attorney familiar with Judge Williams who spoke on condition of not being identified said Williams has a reputation of handing down sentences that court observers consider lenient for young defendants who the judge believes should be given a second chance.

“I think they lucked out in getting her as a judge,” the attorney said. “I can say that this was an unusually light sentence. I just had an aggravated assault case and the defendant got 10 years.”

During the trial Christopher Lucas testified that his sister is a lesbian and he would never commit an anti-gay assault. Christina Lucas didn’t testify at the trial but a video was presented in which she told police at the time of her arrest that as a lesbian she, too, would never engage in an anti-gay attack.

The police source, who spoke on condition of not being identified, said the strong evidence at the trial, including testimony by the victim, persuaded the jury to do something prosecutors have long considered a difficult outcome – they convicted the two defendants of an anti-gay hate crime.

“The jury found that at least one of the reasons why [the victim] was attacked was because he is a gay man,” Jennings said in the sentencing memorandum. “This type of conduct by the defendants, and their targeting of [the victim] because of who he is and how he presents, is reprehensible, illegal, and shows an utter contempt for human life,” she said.

“This was an example of the MPD and the U.S. Attorney doing exactly what we should do,” the police source said. “The fact that the judge went outside the sentencing guidelines is troubling at the very least.”

William Miller, a spokesperson for the U.S. Attorney’s office, said the victim and his mother testified at the sentencing hearing on Monday as part of a process of presenting a victim’s impact statement to show the court how a serious crime affects the life of a victim.

But Miller said he was not aware of any outside groups presenting a community impact statement to the judge. In the past, the U.S. Attorney’s office has invited LGBT organizations to submit community impact statements in anti-LGBT hate crime cases. The purpose, according to prosecutors and LGBT activists, is to demonstrate to a judge that a hate crime has a negative impact on an entire community beyond that of the individual victim.

Sterling Washington, who served as director of the Office of GLBT Affairs under Mayor Vincent Gray, said his office helped coordinate the community impact statement process with a coalition of local LGBT groups known as the Violence Prevention and Response Team, or VPART. The groups making up the coalition include Gays and Lesbians Opposing Violence (GLOV), D.C. Trans Coalition, SMYAL, and Rainbow Response Coalition.

The Blade this week sent email messages to leaders of each of those groups and to Sheila Alexander Reid, who replaced Washington as director of the LGBT Affairs Office under Mayor Muriel Bowser, asking whether they considered submitting a community impact statement to Judge Williams in the case of the Lucas twins.

None of the group leaders responded to the message as of Wednesday afternoon.

Alexander-Reid told the Blade on Wednesday in a statement that her office will “continue facilitating the Violence Prevention and Response Task Force (VPART) alongside community organizations and leaders doing violence prevention and survivor support work in the District.”

She said that on behalf of all D.C. residents, “we send our deepest sympathies to the family of the victim of this violent attack. Everyone deserves to feel safe in our city regardless of who they are or love.”

But her statement did not say whether she knows why one or more of the groups participating in VPART did not file a community impact statement to the judge in the case of defendants Christina and Christopher Lucas.

The LGBT groups that make up VPART also have not said whether they have asked D.C. police why the Oct. 19, 2013 attack against the gay victim by the Lucas siblings was not publicly disclosed until the two defendants were convicted in D.C. Superior Court on May 8, 2015.

In a statement released to the Blade on Wednesday, U.S. Attorney spokesperson William Miller said his office worked diligently and aggressively to prosecute the case against the Lucas siblings.

“The jury delivered a powerful verdict finding both Christopher and Christina Lucas guilty of aggravated assault while armed with a bias enhancement for the beating,” he said. “The jury found that at least one of the reasons that the victim was attacked was because he is a gay man.”

Miller added, “Reflecting on the seriousness of the offense, the U.S. Attorney’s Office filed a nine-page sentencing memorandum that sought a sentence of 180 months for each defendant on this charge, at the very high end of the Court’s voluntary sentencing guidelines.”

Continue Reading
Advertisement

homepage news

Top 10 Blade news stories by web traffic

COVID breakthroughs, Equality Act, and anti-trans attacks

Published

on

Elliot Page created excitement by posting his first photo in swim trunks back in May.

Each year our staff gathers in late December to review the highest trafficked stories of the year and there’s more than a little bit of competitive spirit as we review the results. Here are the top 10 stories by web traffic at  HYPERLINK “http://washingtonblade.com”washingtonblade.com for 2021.

#10: Mark Glaze, gun reform advocate, dies at 51

The sad, tragic story of Glaze’s death captivated readers in November. 

#9: COVID breakthrough infections strike summer tourists visiting Provincetown

This one went viral in July after a COVID outbreak was blamed on gay tourists.

#8: Thank you, Kordell Stewart, for thoughtful response to ‘the rumor’

This opinion piece thanked the former NFL quarterback for writing a personal essay addressing gay rumors. 

#7: Elliot Page tweets; trans bb’s first swim trunks #transjoy #transisbeautiful

The actor created excitement by posting his first photo in swim trunks back in May.

#6: Romney declares opposition to LGBTQ Equality Act

Mitt Romney disappointed activists with his announcement; the Equality Act passed the House but never saw a vote in the Senate.

#5: White House warns state legislatures that passing anti-trans bills is illegal

The year 2021 saw a disturbing trend of GOP-led legislatures attacking trans people.

#4: Lincoln Project’s avowed ignorance of Weaver texts undercut by leaked communications

The Lincoln Project’s leaders, amid a scandal of co-founder John Weaver soliciting sexual favors from young men, have asserted they were unaware of his indiscretions until the Blade obtained electronic communications that called that claim into question.

#3: FOX 5’s McCoy suspended over offensive Tweet

Blake McCoy tweeted that obese people shouldn’t get priority for the COVID vaccine. 

#2: Transgender USAF veteran trapped in Taliban takeover of Kabul

Among the Americans trapped in the suburban areas of Kabul under Taliban control was a transgender government contractor for the U.S. State Department and former U.S. Air Force Sergeant. She was later safely evacuated.

#1: Amid coup chaos, Trump quietly erases LGBTQ protections in adoption, health services

And our most popular story of 2021 was about the Trump administration nixing regulations barring federal grantees in the Department of Health & Human Services from discriminating against LGBTQ people, including in adoption services.

Continue Reading

homepage news

CDC still falling short on LGBTQ data collection for COVID patients: expert

Published

on

COVID-19 vaccine, gay news, Washington Blade
The CDC is still not issuing guidance to states on LGBTQ data collection among COVID patients.

Despite requests since the start of the COVID pandemic for the U.S. government to enhance data collection for patients who are LGBTQ, the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention is still falling short on issuing nationwide guidance to states on the issue, a leading expert health on the issue told the Blade.

With a renewed focus on COVID infections reaching new heights just before the start of the holidays amid the emergence of Omicron, the absence of any LGBTQ data collection — now across both the Trump and Biden administrations — remains a sore point for health experts who say that information could be used for public outreach.

Sean Cahill, director of Health Policy Research at the Boston-based Fenway Institute, said Wednesday major federal entities and hospitals have been collecting data on whether patients identify as LGBTQ for years — such as the National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey, which has been collecting sexual orientation data since the 1990s — but the CDC hasn’t duplicated that effort for COVID even though the pandemic has been underway for two years.

“It’s not like this is a new idea,” Cahill said. “But for some reason, the pandemic hit, and all of a sudden, we realize how little systematic data we were collecting in our health system. And it’s a real problem because we’re two years into the pandemic almost, and we still don’t know how it’s affecting this vulnerable population that experiences health disparities in other areas.”

The Blade was among the first outlets to report on the lack of efforts by the states to collect data on whether a COVID patient identifies as LGBTQ, reporting in April 2020 on the absence of data even in places with influential LGBTQ communities. The CDC hasn’t responded to the Blade’s requests for nearly two years on why it doesn’t instruct states to collect this data, nor did it respond this week to a request for comment on this article.

Cahill, who has published articles in the American Journal of Public Health on the importance of LGBTQ data collection and reporting in COVID-19 testing, care, and vaccination — said he’s been making the case to the CDC to issue guidance to states on whether COVID patients identify as LGBTQ since June 2020.

Among those efforts, he said, were to include two comments he delivered to the Biden COVID-19 Health Equity Task Force in spring 2021, a letter a coalition of groups sent to the Association of State & Territorial Health Officers asking for states to collect and report SOGI in COVID in December 2020 as well as letters to HHS leadership and congressional leadership in spring and summer 2020 asking for them to take steps to encourage or require SOGI data collection in COVID.

Asked what CDC officials had to say in response when he brought this issue to their attention, Cahill said, “They listen, but they don’t really tell me anything.”

“We’ve been making that case, and to date, as of December 22, 2021, they have not issued guidance, they have not changed the case report form. I hope that they’re in the process of doing that, and maybe we’ll be pleasantly surprised in January, and they’ll come up with something…I really hope that’s true, but right now they’re not doing anything to promote SOGI data collection and reporting in surveillance data.”

Cahill, in an email to the Blade after the initial publication of this article, clarified CDC has indicated guidance on LGBTQ data collection for COVID patients may come in the near future.

“HHS leaders told us this fall that CDC is working on an initiative to expand SOGI data collection,” Cahill said. “We are hopeful that we will see guidance early in 2022. Key people at CDC, including Director Walensky, understand the importance of SOGI data collection given their long history of working on HIV prevention.”

In other issues related to LGBTQ data collection, there has been a history of states resisting federal mandates. The Trump administration, for example, rescinded guidance calling on states to collect information on whether foster youth identified as LGBTQ after complaints from states on the Obama-era process, much to the consternation of LGBTQ advocates who said the data was helpful.

The White House COVID-19 Health Equity Task Force has at least recognized the potential for enhancing LGBTQ data collection efforts. Last month, it published an implementation plan, calling for “an equity-centered approach to data collection, including sufficient funding to collect data for groups that are often left out of data collection (e.g….LGBTQIA+ people).”

The plan also calls for “fund[ing] activities to improve data collection…including tracking COVID-19 related outcomes for people of color and other underserved populations,” and specifically calls for the collection of LGBTQ data.

The importance of collecting LGBTQ data, Cahill said, is based on its potential use in public outreach, including efforts to recognize disparities in health population and to create messaging for outreach, including for populations that may be reluctant to take the vaccine.

“If we see a disparity, we can say: Why is that?” Cahill said. “We could do focus groups of the population — try to understand and then what kind of messages would reassure you and make you feel comfortable getting a vaccine, and we could push those messages out through public education campaigns led by state local health departments led by the federal government.”

The LGBTQ data, Cahill said, could be broken down further to determine if racial and ethnic disparities exist within the LGBTQ population, or whether LGBTQ people are likely to suffer from the disease in certain regions, such as the South.

“We have data showing that lesbian or bisexual women, and transgender people are less likely to be in preventive regular routine care for their health,” Cahill said. “And so if that’s true, there’s a good chance that they’re less likely to know where to get a vaccine, to have a medical professional they trust to talk to about it today.”

Among the leaders who are supportive, Cahill said, is Rachel Levine, assistant secretary for health and the first openly transgender person confirmed by the U.S. Senate for a presidential appointment. Cahill said he raised the issue with her along with other officials at the Department of Health & Human Services three times in the last year.

In her previous role as Pennsylvania secretary of health, Levine led the way and made her state the first in the nation to set up an LGBTQ data collection system for COVID patients.

“So she definitely gets it, and I know she’s supportive of it, but we really need the CDC to act,” Cahill said.

Although the federal government has remained intransigent in taking action, Cahill said the situation has improved among states and counted five states — California, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Nevada and Oregon — in addition to D.C. as among those that have elected to collect data on sexual orientation and gender identity of COVID patients.

However, Cahill said even those data collection efforts are falling short because those jurisdictions have merely been public about collecting the data, but haven’t reported back anything yet.

“Only California has reported data publicly, and the data that they’re reporting is really just the completeness of the data,” Cahill said. “They’re not reporting the data itself…And they’re also just asking people who tests positive. So, if somebody says positive COVID in California, a contact tracer follows up with that individual and asks them a battery of questions, and among the questions that are asked are SOGI questions.”

As a result of these efforts, Cahill said, California has data on the LGBTQ status of COVID patients, but the data is overwhelmingly more complete for the gender identity of these patients rather than their sexual orientation. As of May 2021, California reported that they had sexual orientation data for 9.5 percent of individuals who had died from COVID and 16 percent of people who tested positive, but for gender identity, the data were 99.5 percent.

Continue Reading

homepage news

Equality Act, contorted as a danger by anti-LGBTQ forces, is all but dead

No political willpower to force vote or reach a compromise

Published

on

Despite having President Biden in the White House and Democratic majorities in both chambers of Congress, efforts to update federal civil rights laws to strengthen the prohibition on discrimination against LGBTQ people by passing the Equality Act are all but dead as opponents of the measure have contorted it beyond recognition.

Political willpower is lacking to find a compromise that would be acceptable to enough Republican senators to end a filibuster on the bill — a tall order in any event — nor is there the willpower to force a vote on the Equality Act as opponents stoke fears about transgender kids in sports and not even unanimity in the Democratic caucus in favor of the bill is present, stakeholders who spoke to the Blade on condition of anonymity said.

In fact, there are no imminent plans to hold a vote on the legislation even though Pride month is days away, which would be an opportune time for Congress to demonstrate solidarity with the LGBTQ community by holding a vote on the legislation.

If the Equality Act were to come up for a Senate vote in the next month, it would not have the support to pass. Continued assurances that bipartisan talks are continuing on the legislation have yielded no evidence of additional support, let alone the 10 Republicans needed to end a filibuster.

“I haven’t really heard an update either way, which is usually not good,” one Democratic insider said. “My understanding is that our side was entrenched in a no-compromise mindset and with [Sen. Joe] Manchin saying he didn’t like the bill, it doomed it this Congress. And the bullying of hundreds of trans athletes derailed our message and our arguments of why it was broadly needed.”

The only thing keeping the final nail from being hammered into the Equality Act’s coffin is the unwillingness of its supporters to admit defeat. Other stakeholders who spoke to the Blade continued to assert bipartisan talks are ongoing, strongly pushing back on any conclusion the legislation is dead.

Alphonso David, president of the Human Rights Campaign, said the Equality Act is “alive and well,” citing widespread public support he said includes “the majority of Democrats, Republicans and independents and a growing number of communities across the country engaging and mobilizing every day in support of the legislation.”

“They understand the urgent need to pass this bill and stand up for LGBTQ people across our country,” David added. “As we engage with elected officials, we have confidence that Congress will listen to the voices of their constituents and continue fighting for the Equality Act through the lengthy legislative process.  We will also continue our unprecedented campaign to grow the already-high public support for a popular bill that will save lives and make our country fairer and more equal for all. We will not stop until the Equality Act is passed.”

Sen. Jeff Merkley (D-Ore.), chief sponsor of the Equality Act in the Senate, also signaled through a spokesperson work continues on the legislation, refusing to give up on expectations the legislation would soon become law.

“Sen. Merkley and his staff are in active discussions with colleagues on both sides of the aisle to try to get this done,” McLennan said. “We definitely see it as a key priority that we expect to become law.”

A spokesperson Senate Majority Leader Charles Schumer (D-N.Y.), who had promised to force a vote on the Equality Act in the Senate on the day the U.S. House approved it earlier this year, pointed to a March 25 “Dear Colleague” letter in which he identified the Equality Act as one of several bills he’d bring up for a vote.

Despite any assurances, the hold up on the bill is apparent. Although the U.S. House approved the legislation earlier this year, the Senate Judiciary Committee hasn’t even reported out the bill yet to the floor in the aftermath of the first-ever Senate hearing on the bill in March. A Senate Judiciary Committee Democratic aide, however, disputed that inaction as evidence the Equality Act is dead in its tracks: “Bipartisan efforts on a path forward are ongoing.”

Democrats are quick to blame Republicans for inaction on the Equality Act, but with Manchin withholding his support for the legislation they can’t even count on the entirety of their caucus to vote “yes” if it came to the floor. Progressives continue to advocate an end to the filibuster to advance legislation Biden has promised as part of his agenda, but even if they were to overcome headwinds and dismantle the institution needing 60 votes to advance legislation, the Equality Act would likely not have majority support to win approval in the Senate with a 50-50 party split.

The office of Manchin, who has previously said he couldn’t support the Equality Act over concerns about public schools having to implement the transgender protections applying to sports and bathrooms, hasn’t responded to multiple requests this year from the Blade on the legislation and didn’t respond to a request to comment for this article.

Meanwhile, Sen. Susan Collins (R-Maine), who declined to co-sponsor the Equality Act this year after having signed onto the legislation in the previous Congress, insisted through a spokesperson talks are still happening across the aisle despite the appearances the legislation is dead.

“There continues to be bipartisan support for passing a law that protects the civil rights of Americans, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity,” said Annie Clark, a Collins spokesperson. “The Equality Act was a starting point for negotiations, and in its current form, it cannot pass. That’s why there are ongoing discussions among senators and stakeholders about a path forward.”

Let’s face it: Anti-LGBTQ forces have railroaded the debate by making the Equality Act about an end to women’s sports by allowing transgender athletes and danger to women in sex-segregated places like bathrooms and prisons. That doesn’t even get into resolving the issue on drawing the line between civil rights for LGBTQ people and religious freedom, which continues to be litigated in the courts as the U.S. Supreme Court is expected any day now to issue a ruling in Fulton v. City of Philadelphia to determine if foster care agencies can reject same-sex couples over religious objections.

For transgender Americans, who continue to report discrimination and violence at high rates, the absence of the Equality Act may be most keenly felt.

Mara Keisling, outgoing executive director of the National Center for Transgender Equality, disputed any notion the Equality Act is dead and insisted the legislation is “very much alive.”

“We remain optimistic despite misinformation from the opposition,” Keisling said. “NCTE and our movement partners are still working fruitfully on the Equality Act with senators. In fact, we are gaining momentum with all the field organizing we’re doing, like phone banking constituents to call their senators. Legislating takes time. Nothing ever gets through Congress quickly. We expect to see a vote during this Congress, and we are hopeful we can win.”

But one Democratic source said calls to members of Congress against the Equality Act, apparently coordinated by groups like the Heritage Foundation, have has outnumbered calls in favor of it by a substantial margin, with a particular emphasis on Manchin.

No stories are present in the media about same-sex couples being kicked out of a restaurant for holding hands or transgender people for using the restroom consistent with their gender identity, which would be perfectly legal in 25 states thanks to the patchwork of civil rights laws throughout the United States and inadequate protections under federal law.

Tyler Deaton, senior adviser for the American Unity Fund, which has bolstered the Republican-led Fairness for All Act as an alternative to the Equality Act, said he continues to believe the votes are present for a compromise form of the bill.

“I know for a fact there is a supermajority level of support in the Senate for a version of the Equality Act that is fully protective of both LGBTQ civil rights and religious freedom,” Deaton said. “There is interest on both sides of the aisle in getting something done this Congress.”

Deaton, however, didn’t respond to a follow-up inquiry on what evidence exists of agreeing on this compromise.

Biden has already missed the goal he campaigned on in the 2020 election to sign the Equality Act into law within his first 100 days in office. Although Biden renewed his call to pass the legislation in his speech to Congress last month, as things stand now that appears to be a goal he won’t realize for the remainder of this Congress.

Nor has the Biden administration made the Equality Act an issue for top officials within the administration as it pushes for an infrastructure package as a top priority. One Democratic insider said Louisa Terrell, legislative affairs director for the White House, delegated work on the Equality Act to a deputy as opposed to handling it herself.

To be sure, Biden has demonstrated support for the LGBTQ community through executive action at an unprecedented rate, signing an executive order on day one ordering federal agencies to implement the U.S. Supreme Court’s decision last year in Bostock v. Clayton County to the fullest extent possible and dismantling former President Trump’s transgender military ban. Biden also made historic LGBTQ appointments with the confirmation of Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg and Rachel Levine as assistant secretary of health.

A White House spokesperson insisted Biden’s team across the board remains committed to the Equality Act, pointing to his remarks to Congress.

“President Biden has urged Congress to get the Equality Act to his desk so he can sign it into law and provide long overdue civil rights protections to LGBTQ+ Americans, and he remains committed to seeing this legislation passed as quickly as possible,” the spokesperson said. “The White House and its entire legislative team remains in ongoing and close coordination with organizations, leaders, members of Congress, including the Equality Caucus, and staff to ensure we are working across the aisle to push the Equality Act forward.”

But at least in the near-term, that progress will fall short of fulfilling the promise of updating federal civil rights law with the Equality Act, which will mean LGBTQ people won’t be able to rely on those protections when faced with discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.

Continue Reading
Advertisement
Advertisement

Follow Us @washblade

Sign Up for Blade eBlasts

Popular