Connect with us


Police chief defends fight against anti-LGBT hate crimes

Lanier disputes claim that gay liaison unit ‘dying on vine’



Cathy Lanier

D.C. Police Chief Cathy Lanier (Washington Blade photo by Michael Key)

D.C. Police Chief Cathy Lanier told a D.C. Council hearing on Wednesday that the department was making progress in its fight against hate crimes and strongly disputed criticism by the head of the police union that the Gay and Lesbian Liaison Unit was “dying on the vine.”

Her testimony before the Council’s Committee on the Judiciary came after several other witnesses, including D.C. police union chair Kristopher Baumann and LGBT activists, expressed concern that she had seriously weakened the GLLU’s central office, which had once led efforts to fight anti-LGBT hate crimes.

Lanier said some critics have misconstrued her efforts to decentralize and expand the GLLU and the department’s other special liaison units as an effort to discontinue or cut back on the units’ central offices.

“This expansion has not only improved our response to these communities throughout the city, by providing service 24 hours a day, seven days a week,” she said. “But it has also improved our ability to provide consistent information to these communities, while ensuring that information about their needs is integrated into services in each patrol district.”

D.C. Council member Phil Mendelson (D-At-Large), who chairs the committee, said he called the hearing to assess the extent of the city’s hate crimes problem and efforts by the police to address the problem. Other Council members participating in the hearing included Jim Graham (D-Ward 1), Mary Cheh (D-Ward 3) and Muriel Bowser (D-Ward 4).

Graham said he agreed with activists that the GLLU as a whole has been diminished over the past several years. He praised Lanier for doing overall excellent work in fighting crime throughout the city but said she appears to be making changes at the GLLU without “true engagement” from the community the unit is supposed to represent.

“I feel this is slipping away,” Graham said. “It’s a serious loss … This is the message we’re getting.”

Lanier said she could have reached out more to the community on a few issues, including her decision earlier this year to name a civilian administrator as head of the Special Liaison Division, which oversees the GLLU and liaison units working with the Latino, Asian and deaf and hard of hearing communities. But she said members of the GLLU have joined her in expressing disappointment in claims by critics that the unit is not doing as good a job as it has in the past.

Police statistics have shown that D.C. has the nation’s highest rate of anti-LGBT hate crimes, with anti-LGBT bias related crimes making up as much as 70 percent of the city’s overall hate crimes.

Lanier acknowledged that the number of reported hate crimes against the LGBT community has increased significantly in recent years. However, she said it could not be determined whether the actual number of such crimes has increased or whether the increase is due to more people coming forward to report such crimes.

According to D.C. police statistics, in 2010, the total number of reported hate crimes in the city was 68. Out of that total, 35 were crimes targeting gays, lesbians or bisexuals and 10 targeting members of the transgender community.

In 2009, a total of 41 hate crimes were reported, with 30 said to be against gays, lesbians or bisexuals and five based on the victim’s gender identity or expression.

A total of 39 hate crimes were reported in the city in 2008, with 26 said to be against gays, lesbians, or bisexuals and four against transgender persons.

As of June 30 of this year, there were a total of 38 reported hate crimes, according to police data released this week. Out of that total, 14 were based on the victim’s sexual orientation and two were based on the victim’s gender identity or expression.

“It is important to note that because the number of these crimes is relatively low, small shifts in numbers can look disproportionately large in percentages,” Lanier said in her testimony. “Therefore those percentages should be interpreted carefully while also considering the raw numbers.”

Cincopa WordPress plugin

A.J. Singletary, president of the D.C. group Gays and Lesbians Opposing Violence, told the committee that Lanier and the department have taken some “laudatory measures” in recent years to combat hate crimes targeting the LGBT community.

But he said the department overall was not properly training officers to recognize and take reports on incidents of anti-LGBT bias that don’t involve a crime of violence but that could lead to violence.

“First, MPD is not documenting anti-LGBT bias incidents effectively, thereby endangering the community and impacting the use of vital resources to prevent hate crimes,” he said.

“Hate incidents – slurs, derogatory terms, or other similar actions – can be tracked and used to target areas of increasing problems across the city,” he told the committee. “We have anecdotal evidence of a disturbing increase in anti-LGBT incidents, including threats, harassment and intimidation.”

Singletary and other witnesses noted that police officials have encouraged citizens to report such incidents to police so that data can be compiled to monitor areas where hate crimes might surface.

“Despite this, GLOV is aware of numerous instances when MPD officers refused to take reports when called and even made the individual feel silly or petty for requesting that the incident be reported,” Singletary said.

Jason Terry, an official with the D.C. Trans Coalition, told the committee that many in the local transgender community lost confidence in police following a December 2010 incident in which an off-duty D.C. police officer assaulted a transgender woman on a downtown street. The woman, Chloe Moore, has accused the officer of assaulting her after she approached him to ask for a light for her cigarette.

The department’s Internal Affairs Division is currently investigating the incident.

Terry and D.C. transgender activist Jeri Hughes told the committee that police officers often assume incorrectly that transgender women, who report being harassed or assaulted because of their gender identity, are prostitutes.

GLOV members and other LGBT activists have complained that Lanier’s decision in 2009 to decentralize the GLLU by assigning affiliate members to the unit from each of the department’s seven police districts diminished the effectiveness of the unit’s central office, which is located in Dupont Circle.

At the time former Mayor Adrian Fenty appointed Lanier as police chief in 2009, there were seven to eight full-time GLLU officers assigned to the central office. The office, created by former Police Chief Charles Ramsey in 2000, became an internationally recognized police entity aimed at addressing issues involving the LGBT community.

Among other things, Ramsey gave GLLU officers full authority to investigate crimes and make arrests as well as to provide public information and outreach to the LGBT community.

Lanier has said she supports those efforts but wanted to expand the unit’s reach throughout the city. She assigned officers from the eight police districts to become affiliate GLLU officers who would continue to perform their regular duties in the districts while being on call to assume GLLU duties as the need arises in their respective districts.

Rick Rosendall, vice president of the Gay and Lesbian Activists Alliance, told the committee he and most other activists fully support the affiliate program. But Rosendall and other activists have said they strongly objected to what they believe has been Lanier’s removal of officers from the GLLU’s central office.

Sources familiar with the GLLU have told the Blade in recent years that the unit’s reputation within the department had diminished and other important units, like the homicide squad, had largely stopped calling on the GLLU for help in gay-related cases.

Lanier has disputed those claims, saying the central unit remains the hub of the GLLU. She told the Council hearing on Wednesday that affiliate members spend at least a month at the central office in a special training program.

She also told the hearing that there are now seven people assigned to the central GLLU office in addition to its part-time commander, Sgt. Carlos Mejia, who also serves as commander of the Latino Liaison Unit.


Continue Reading


  1. brian

    July 8, 2011 at 12:16 pm

    Chief Excuse-Maker? What “progress” against anti-LGBTQ hate crimes is Chief Lanier talking about?

    This is is the same-old, same-old set of vague excuses and responses we’ve been hearing from Chief Lanier for a number of years, now. This Chief has repeatedly blamed her critics in the LGBT community for “misconstruing” her actions regarding her ongoing degrading and dismantling of GLLU’s central office.

    But our eyes and other senses do not deceive us. GLLU officers– very obviously– do not have the visibility and presence in the LGBT community they had under Chief Charles Ramsey. Chief Lanier’s actions have never really matched her words regarding her so-called support of GLLU’s central unit.

    Right out of the gate in 2007, Lanier sought to dismantle and “decentralize” GLLU’s award-winning central unit. Outrage by the LGBT community, its leaders, plus Mayor Fenty’s concern would not permit Lanier to do that.

    Since then, Chief Lanier has been using a combination of abrupt, secretive command replacements and ‘death-by-a-thousand-cuts’ strategy, along with a so-called ‘expansion/ decentralization’ of highly dubious effectiveness to achieve her original objective.

    Just how many times do we have to hear this song-and-dance before we recognize that Chief Lanier is no friend of MPD’s GLLU and DC’s LGBT community?

    Consider this… Chiefs Lanier and Groomes have repeatedly claimed their “expansion” of GLLU-trained officers and sensitivity across MPD’s Districts has been effective. If that’s really true, how is it, just last fall, 5D’s (NE DC) Commander (then, Lamar Greene) was unaware of ANY GLLU-trained officers under his own command in 5D– with its growing LGBT population?

    I don’t necessarily fault Commander Greene for that. But it’s just another example of how Lanier’s real policy implementation does not match her rhetoric re. GLLU. Commander Greene was promoted to Assistant Chief of Police. However, inexplicably, Captain Delgado was abruptly demoted and secretly replaced by a *CIVILIAN* head of the (SLU) unit that commands GLLU.

    To those who understand ‘cop culture’– Chief Lanier could not have sent a stronger message throughout MPD of her contempt for GLLU and the other Special Liaison Units.

    And how much longer is the Mayor and some on our Council going to perpetuate the myth that Chief Lanier was responsible for reduction of violent crime in DC?

    It’s been widely reported that urban violent crime went down all across the nation in 2009 and 2010. Due credit ought to go to rank and file MPD officers (and their families and loved ones) who have had to work longer, more personally stressful hours. Of course those officers don’t get paid anywhere near the high salaries of MPD’s chiefs.

    Are DC’s LGBT residents any safer from hate crimes under Chief Lanier’s reign? No. Clearly not.

    And LGBT residents in DC likely have LESS trust in sympathetic and understanding MPD response if they report a hate crime now, than they did under Chief Ramsey and the GLLU of 2006– which Ramsey created and actively promoted.

    Both MPD and GLLU need a fresh direction and a new Chief of Police.

  2. Chocolatebearcub

    July 11, 2011 at 4:46 am


  3. Moran

    May 9, 2012 at 5:16 pm

    Yes, one thing I condemn is discrimination from the gays and lesbians, who do not like deaf and hard of hearing people. I have experienced discrimination by gays because I am like deaf.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Judge dismisses lawsuit against Va. school guidelines for transgender students

Christian Action Network and other conservative groups filed suit



Connor Climo, gay news, Washington Blade

Lynchburg Circuit Court Judge J. Frederick Watson on Tuesday dismissed a lawsuit that challenged the Virginia Department of Education’s model policies for transgender students that are to be implemented for the 2021-2022 school year.

The VDOE introduced the policies in March to better protect and affirm trans and non-binary students in schools, considering they are more likely to face discrimination and harassment from their peers and students. The directives would require Virginia schools to allow them to use school bathrooms and locker rooms that conform to their gender identity and pronouns and a name that reflects their gender identity.

Several conservative organizations, including the Christian Action Network, and families whose children attend Lynchburg public schools had sought to overturn the VDOE’s policies. The groups cited their need to protect their right to free speech and religion under the First Amendment.

Challenging the enactment of non-binary and trans-inclusive school policies in Virginia is not a new occurence. 

Tanner Cross, a Loudoun County teacher, was suspended in May after stating he would not use trans students’ preferred pronouns. Circuit Judge James E. Plowman, Jr., who invoked Pickering v. Board of Education,  a 1968 U.S. Supreme Court ruling in favor of a teacher that stated they have the right to provide commentary on issues of public importance without being dismissed from their position, reinstated Cross after he filed a lawsuit,  

Equality Virginia on Tuesday a statement celebrated what they described as “a win for Virginia schools and students.”

“This ruling is important progress and emphasizes the continued need to protect transgender and non-binary youth in Virginia,” said Executive Director Vee Lamneck. “These policies will create safer classrooms and will reduce bullying, discrimination and harassment. It’s imperative school boards adopt these policies as soon as possible because the lives of transgender students are at risk.”

Equality Virginia, ACLU of Virginia, and more than 50 other organizations and school board leaders across the state filed an amicus brief earlier this month encouraging the court to deny the lawsuit.

The brief’s arguments included references to historic lawsuits like Brown v. Board of Education and Grimm v. Gloucester City School Board that specifically addressed inequalities in schools for minority students.

While Tuesday’s ruling is a win for LGBTQ rights advocates in education and their respective students, there still remains a final barrier to ensure that the VDOE’s policies are sanctioned in the fall. 

“The dismissal clears one statewide hurdle for the guidelines and limits future challenges,” reports the Virginian-Pilot newspaper. “But it leaves the fight to continue at local school boards, which are currently debating how or if to implement policies before the start of the school year.”

Continue Reading


Comings & Goings

Ward named project manager at REACH



Adam Ward

The Comings & Goings column is about sharing the professional successes of our community. We want to recognize those landing new jobs, new clients for their business, joining boards of organizations and other achievements. Please share your successes with us at: [email protected]

The Comings & Goings column also invites LGBTQ+ college students to share their successes with us. If you have been elected to a student government position, gotten an exciting internship, or are graduating and beginning your career with a great job, let us know so we can share your success. 

Congratulations to Adam Ward on his new position as program manager and biostatistician for the newly formed Research Enterprise to Advance a Cure for HIV (REACH) Collaboratory, based at Weill Cornell Medicine in New York City. This is a multi-institution project recently funded by the National Institutes of Health through the Martin Delaney Collaboratories program, with institutions represented from the U.S., Canada, Mexico, Uganda, and the U.K. 

Upon accepting the position, Ward said, “I am humbled to take on this role and to have the opportunity to continue working in the HIV cure field — work that I find so personally meaningful and fulfilling. I genuinely believe that the science this collaboratory will undertake over the next five years will be some of the most impactful in the field, and I am looking forward to supporting it as well as to the progress that will be made. Additionally, community engagement is a key component of this work, so please look for future opportunities to be involved and to learn more.”

Ward began his Ph.D. in epidemiology in 2016 at George Washington University, and worked as a Research Assistant then Research Associate in the laboratory of R. Brad Jones conducting HIV cure research. Ward’s research focused on several areas, including developing new pre-clinical models to test HIV cure strategies, studying how HIV hides in cells of the central nervous system, and investigating drivers of inflammation and associated comorbidities in cohorts of participants living with HIV. 

Ward has worked as a Graduate Student Researcher at North Carolina State University, Department of Molecular Biomedical Science. He was an Honors Village Community Director, North Carolina State University. He has been a contributing author to numerous publications and has done presentations and sessions at conferences around the world.

Ward has his bachelor’s degree in Environmental Sciences from North Carolina State University; his master’s degree in Comparative Biomedical Sciences, North Carolina State University; and is slated to receive his Ph.D. in epidemiology from the George Washington University in D.C. 

Congratulations also to Zachary L. Baum on his new position with New York State United Teachers Union (NYSUT) as Regional Political Organizer for Long Island. Baum is a communications and public affairs professional with more than 10 years of experience working in the public and private sectors. He has an extensive track record of delivering results on complex intergovernmental matters regarding environmental policy, housing policy, economic development, food policy, and public health. 

Prior to joining NYSUT, Baum was chief of staff to Brookhaven Council member Jonathan Kornreich. He has worked for Stanton PRM as a senior account executive. Baum also worked as a political organizer for Michael Bloomberg in 2020 and prior to that for the Office of Suffolk County Executive as a Community Affairs Liaison.

Baum earned his bachelor’s degree in political science with distinction from SUNY Stony Brook Universit; and his master’s of public administration with a concentration in public management from the Austin W. Marxe School of Public and International Affairs, Baruch College, New York. 

Zach Baum
Continue Reading


Md. sodomy law used in bookstore arrests of gay men still on books

Only one of two separate sodomy laws repealed in 2020



Lawmakers in Annapolis, Md., last year struck from a repeal bill the Unnatural or Perverted Sexual Practice Act, which has been used to prosecute gay men for consensual sex. (Blade file photo by Michael Key)

In a little-noticed development, the Maryland General Assembly agreed to requests by Republican lawmakers to delete one of the state’s two separate sodomy laws from a sodomy law repeal bill that it approved in March of 2020, leading most LGBTQ activists into incorrectly believing the full sodomy law had been repealed.

According to Maryland House of Delegates member David Moon (D-Montgomery County), who introduced the repeal bill in the state House, which approved the bill on Feb. 20, 2020, the Democratic-controlled Senate Judicial Proceedings Committee voted unanimously to pass an amendment that deleted from the bill a provision calling for the repeal of Maryland’s Criminal Code Section 3-322, which is known as the Unnatural or Perverted Sexual Practice Act.

The act criminalizes oral sex in all possible circumstances, including between consenting adults.

It states, “A person may not: take the sexual organ of another or of an animal in the person’s mouth; place the person’s sexual organ in the mouth of another or of an animal; or commit another unnatural or perverted sexual practice with another or with an animal.”

The offense of violating the act is listed as a misdemeanor but includes a penalty of up to 10 years in prison or a fine not exceeding $1,000 or both upon conviction of the offense.

During its deliberations in March 2020, the Senate Judicial Proceedings Committee, while deleting the Unnatural or Perverted Sexual Practice Act from the repeal bill, left in place the provision in the bill that called for repealing Maryland’s criminal Code Section 3-321, which criminalizes “sodomy” between consenting adults as a felony with a penalty of up to 10 years in prison upon conviction.

Supporters of the original repeal bill say the two statutes each criminalize same-sex sexual relations between consenting adults and the repeal of one of them and not the other leaves on the books a statute that stigmatizes LGBTQ people even if the law is not enforced.

Supporters of the original bill also pointed out that separate, existing Maryland laws strictly prohibit acts of cruelty to animals as well as any non-consensual sexual acts, including same-sex rape and sex between adults and juveniles. This meant that repealing the Unnatural or Perverted Sexual Practice Act would not prevent anyone engaging in sexual assault, sex with minors, or abuse of animals from being arrested and prosecuted to the full extent of the law.

Among those who supported that assessment in testimony before the committee was Lisae Jordan, executive director of the Maryland Coalition Against Sexual Assault.

But despite these assurances, which were further confirmed at the Judicial Proceedings Committee hearing by Maryland’s Assistant Attorney General Carrie J. Williams, Republican members of the committee, including Sen. Michael Hough (R-Frederick & Carroll Counties) raised strong objections to repealing any existing statute that might be used to prosecute someone engaging in sexual assault or pedophilia.

Sources familiar with the committee have speculated that Hough’s strong hints that he would hold anyone who voted for the full repeal responsible for an inability to prosecute sexual assault and sex with minors as well as incidents of cruelty to animals may have “spooked” the Democrats on the committee to back the amendment.

Sen. William Smith (D-Montgomery County), who chairs the committee; Sen. Jeff Waldstreicher (D-Montgomery County), the committee’s vice chair; and committee members Sen. Shelly Hettleman (D-Baltimore County) and Sen. Susan Lee (D-Montgomery County) did not respond to requests by the Blade for comment on why they voted for the amendment to remove the Unnatural and Perverted Sexual Practice Act from the repeal bill.

Each of them has been supportive on LGBTQ rights on other legislation that has come before the Maryland General Assembly. Lee, for example, introduced a sodomy law repeal bill several years earlier that failed to pass.

The other members of the committee that voted to remove the Unnatural or Perverted Sexual Practice Act from the repeal bill included Sens. Ronald Young (D-Frederick County), Charles Sydnor (D-Baltimore City & Baltimore County), Jill Carter (D-Baltimore City), Robert Cassilly (R-Harford County), Chris West (R-Baltimore County), Justin Ready (R-Carroll County), and Michael Hough (R-Frederick & Carroll Counties).

Moon said the full Maryland Senate quickly approved the committee’s amended bill that repealed the sodomy law but did not repeal the Unnatural or Perverted Sexual Practice Act. He noted the committee’s approval by a unanimous vote came just as the Maryland General Assembly’s 2020 legislative session was coming to an end one month earlier than usual due to restrictions related to the COVID pandemic.

With just one day left before the legislative session was to adjourn for the year on March 18, 2020, Moon said the House of Delegates, which had passed the full repeal version of the bill by a vote of 133 to 5 on Feb. 20, 2020, had a choice of accepting the Senate version or letting the bill die. He said House members decided to approve the Senate bill, with the vote taking place March 18.

“Basically, that change was made in the last day of the pandemic legislative session,” Moon told the Blade. “And so, it was a take it or leave it situation. So, we went ahead and struck the sodomy part out, and here we are,” he said.

He noted that the truncated legislative session did not provide time for the Senate version of the bill to come before a House-Senate conference committee, where supporters of the original bill could have pushed for rejecting the Senate version and sought approval of the House version.

“The next year the Unnatural or Perverted Sex Practice law is being used exactly in the manner we were trying to stop it from being used,” he said, referring to the May 20 raid on Bush River Books & Video store, in which four of the arrested men were charged with Perverted Sexual Practice.

Moon said he plans to introduce another repeal bill at the start of the General Assembly’s legislative session in January 2022 calling for the full repeal of the Unnatural or Perverted Sexual Practice Act. Supporters of Moon’s original bill in 2020, including the Maryland LGBTQ advocacy group Free State Justice, say they will push hard for passage of Moon’s bill next year.

The 2003 U.S. Supreme Court ruling in Lawrence v. Texas, which declared state sodomy laws unconstitutional, and other court rulings impacting Maryland made the two Maryland sodomy statutes theoretically unenforceable for consenting adults. But attorneys familiar with the two statutes have said police have made arrests and prosecutors sometimes have attempted to prosecute mostly men, including gay men, charged under the laws in the years following the court rulings.

The most recent known arrests took place on May 20 of this year, when Harford County, Md., Sheriff’s deputies arrested nine men during the raid on the adult Bush River Books & Video store in the town of Abingdon. Four of the men were charged with “Perverted Sexual Practice.” The store is located 25 miles north of Baltimore.

One of the men charged with Unnatural or Perverted Sexual Practice was also charged with indecent exposure. Another four were charged with indecent exposure and one of the men was charged with solicitation of prostitution.

A friend of one of the men charged with indecent exposure told the Blade his friend was with another adult male inside an enclosed video room with a locked door when Sheriff’s Office deputies opened the door with a key obtained from the store and placed the two men in handcuffs as they were arrested.

The friend and others familiar with the arrests said the arrested men spent the night in jail before they were released in the morning and appeared in court. Several of the cases are scheduled for trial on Aug. 2 in Harford County District Court.

Greg Nevins, an attorney who serves as senior counsel for the national LGBTQ litigation group Lambda Legal, said lower court rulings that apply to Maryland and other states, in addition to the U.S. Supreme Court’s Lawrence decision overturning state sodomy laws, have left it largely up to individual trial court judges to interpret these rulings to determine whether consensual sexual activity under sodomy or indecent exposure laws took place in a “private” or “public” setting.

Most of the court rulings declaring sodomy laws unconstitutional have limited those rulings to consensual, non-commercial sexual activity conducted in a private setting.

But according to Nevin, at least one ruling by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, which includes Maryland, had the effect of making the Maryland Unnatural and Perverted Sexual Practice statute unenforceable for consenting adults regardless of whether alleged sexual activity takes place in a private or public place.

Nevin and other attorneys have said reports that some of the arrests at the Bush River Books & Video store in Harford County involving Sheriff’s Deputies opening locked private video rooms, where men allegedly were engaging in sexual activity, should be considered private spaces like a rented hotel room.

The owner or a representative of Bush River Books & Video store has not responded to requests by the Blade for comment.

Continue Reading

Follow Us @washblade

Sign Up for Blade eBlasts